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Spectacular Moree Sunset Supercell 19th December 2020

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Absolutely stunning supercell developed just prior to sunset as I was on the way back to my hotel! It rotated and split into a right mover and left moving supercell with this being the right mover and illuminated by the setting sun.

It produced hailstones to at lest 2 to 3 cm in diameter as the storm passed over head on dusk! It also produced beautiful lightning!

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12 Expert Tips for Writing a Tornado Research Paper

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12 Expert Tips for Writing a Tornado Research Paper

Nature is definitely something majestic and completely unpredictable. Tornadoes are probably some of the most fascinating nature`s creations. They appear from nowhere, bring huge destruction and vanish. Even though we have the most advanced technologies, we still cannot handle tornadoes. The only thing we can do is to stay away from the place where a tornado is expected.

That’s why if you are writing a research paper about tornadoes, it will definitely get attention. However, the topic is not so easy. That’s why we have prepared some tips on custom research paper writing provided by expert writers from EssayLib.

Tips from Specialists on Tornado Research Paper Writing

To make your paper succeed, pay attention to these tips from specialists. We would divide them into two main categories: specific tips and general tips.

Some specific tips are the ones that advice what information you can include in the paper:

  • For example, you might want to describe how tornadoes appear, where and when they occur.
  • You might mention how strong they can be and how long they might last.
  • If you mention about myths and legends about tornadoes, it might make your paper more attractive for the reader.
  • Tornadoes are connected with a lot of destruction and damage. That’s why it is usually requested to describe the measures that one can take to minimize the effects of a tornado or even to save somebody’s life and health.

You shall not forget that a tornado research paper is the usual research paper. That’s why you should follow all the rules that apply to the writing process of a normal research paper.

  • Select the topic you would like to work on. Make sure it covers a specific field to research. If it is too wide, you will have problems with fitting it into one paper. It might also influence your paper quality negatively.
  • Write a thesis statement. Show the main idea of the paper in 1-2 sentences. Be exact, it shall contain the essence of your paper.
  • Read the sources that your teacher has provided. Even if there is nothing interesting in most of them, your teacher will definitely want to check if you have used them. After that, you might research the sources that interest you. There are a lot of materials about tornadoes in libraries, electronic libraries and just online. Use all the resources that are available to collect information.
  • Write a research outline. Based on the notes that you have made during the research, write an outline for your paper. Think about what you are going to include there. Shall it be a paper about where tornadoes are most frequent? Or something from the history of the most devastating tornadoes? Or maybe you have dared to research the topic more properly and would like to write about why and how the tornadoes evolve and why they are more frequent in some places? Whatever you select, you will find a lot of information for the most engaging paper. And for now, make the outline for your future creation.
  • Write a draft. Just write down your ideas based on each portion of the information you have collected during the research.   
  • Check which quotations you can use in your paper. Make sure they are organically integrated into the paper content. At this stage, you can already make the list of references. If you do it without delays, it will save you some time in the future.
  • Revise the content that you already have. Improve the structure, rearrange the parts to make the paper smooth and logical.
  • Proofread the paper, edit errors and typos, improve the parts that aren’t perfect.

A Research Paper Types You Can Be Assigned to

Usually, students do one of the following research paper types:

  • An argumentative paper
  • Analytical research.

In the first case, you need to discuss your idea based on some facts and evidence. Here, you should choose a controversial topic that allows discussion.

In the second case, you have some sources and based on them, you need to perform a detailed analysis of the question.

That’s why before you start your research on tornado, make sure you understand what exactly research paper type you are going to work on. Some students get confused with the task and cannot do the job properly. So, make sure you understand what kind of paper you are writing. If you have any doubts, ask your teacher.

As you can see, there is nothing complicated in writing a paper about tornadoes if you know how to write a research paper. You need to know how to write a research paper and to have some specific knowledge about tornadoes. All the information is available both online and offline, so, make proper research and write a paper that will amaze your teacher.

Storms and heatwaves – Australia a land of weather extremes – 18 to 26 January 2021

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Storms and heatwaves - Australia a land of weather extremes - 18 to 26 January 2021

The continent of Australia is often regarded as a continent that experiences some of the most variable weather extremes found anywhere on Earth. The period 18 January to the 26 January 2021 is currently living up this reputation as a number of weather extremes are occurring or have occurred during this period. These include:-

1 - Brisbane storms (SE Queensland).

During the evening of the 18/1/2020 thunderstorms traversed across Brisbane and surrounds and isolated falls exceeding 100 mm occurred. The highest rainfall totals for the 24 hours to 9 am 19/1/2021 include 191 mm at Redcliffs followed by 157 mm at Stewards Road Alert and 144 mm at Mt Cotton. This event resulted in some local flooding and flash flooding.

Much of Brisbane and south east Queensland was impacted by this event as shown in the rainfall plots provided on the “Water and the Land” for the 24 hours to 9 am 19/1/2021.

Storms and heatwaves - Australia a land of weather extremes - 18 to 26 January 2021
Storms and heatwaves - Australia a land of weather extremes - 18 to 26 January 2021

2 - Tropical storm making landfall (NW Western Australia).

A tropical storm crossed the coast of north west Western Australia and was eventually named “Tropical Storm 14” by CIMSS. This storm cross the coast earlier than expected south west of Broom prior to its final development into a tropical cyclone.

Maximum winds at the core were forecast to reach 40 knots (74 km/h) however the storm passed close enough to 2 weather stations and as such, some observations of peak wind gusts were able to be made. These include a peak wind gust of 89km/h at Bedout Island Weather Station at 10.52 pm 21/1/2021 and a peak wind gust of 74 km/h at Rowley Shoals Weather Station.

The storm made landfall within a sparsely populated area although two rain gauges / weather stations picked up rainfalls in excess of 100 mm at landfall being Mandora – 105 mm and Pardoo Station – 162 mm for the 24 hours to 9 am 22/1/2021. The next highest rainfall occurred at Anna Plains to the north west being 63 mm. This storm broke apart upon landfall although it has spread showers, storms and cloud further inland.

It is suggested that this storm has helped to force the heat of this region towards Australia’s south east in a similar manner to what occurred in late January / early February 2009.

3 - Heatwave (southern Australia).

As described in an earlier post, a significant heatwave is expected across the inland of South East Australia with a number of centres expecting 2 to 3 days in a row of 40C temperatures prior to a cooler change on Tuesday / Wednesday 26 or the 27 January 2021. This is expected to be the strongest heatwave of the summer to date.

Already a number of centres have recorded high temperatures on the first day of this weather event including 38.2C at Hay and 37C at Albury and Deniliquin.

Some updated maximum temperature forecasts include 43C at Wilcannia for Saturday to Monday, 44C for Hay for Sunday and Monday, 43C and 44C for Swan Hill for Sunday and Monday, 41C and 42C for Albury for Sunday and Monday and 39C, 38C and 40C for Penrith (Western Sydney) for Sunday, Monday and Tuesday.

The burst of heat will extend into Western Sydney but will not reach the coast.

Storms and heatwaves - Australia a land of weather extremes - 18 to 26 January 2021
Storms and heatwaves - Australia a land of weather extremes - 18 to 26 January 2021

A cooler change on either Tuesday and Wednesday will conclude this event across the south east.

Possible tropical cyclone to impact NW Western Australia 23/1/2021

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Possible tropical cyclone to impact NW Western Australia 23/1/2021

A tropical cyclone watch has been issued for parts of the north west Western Australia coast for Thursday evening / Friday morning. A storm appears to be strengthening and may develop into a Category 1 tropical cyclone on Friday morning 22/1/2021.

Possible tropical cyclone to impact NW Western Australia 23/1/2021

At the time of writing, the CIMSS has this storm under "Investigation". A forecast track is not established and the storm is still relatively small and without a distinct eye. The storm has not been named although CIMSS models are showing maximum wind speeds of 30 knots (Approximately 55.5 km/h) as at Thursday evening.

Possible tropical cyclone to impact NW Western Australia 23/1/2021

This storm has the potential to strengthen and if it moves southwards as expected, it would cross the coast south west of Broom.

Sea surface temperatures are at 31C and would support a strong storm however, this storm is moving closer to the coast and hence if it formed into a tropical cyclone, its life span would be short due to its proximity to the coastline.

Possible tropical cyclone to impact NW Western Australia 23/1/2021

The images attached to this post are from CIMSS modelling and includes a sea surface temperatures plot and a cloud image of the region that is under investigation.

Second stronger heatwave for SE Australia 21 – 25 January 2021

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Second stronger heatwave for SE Australia 21 - 25 January 2021

Days after a low intensity heatwave passed through inland south east Australia, a much stronger heatwave is forecast to develop over southern Australia in coming days. This heatwave appears to be much stronger than the first one and forecasts are suggesting that large swathes of the inland regions of New South Wales and Victoria are expected to experience a number of days above 38C.

Second stronger heatwave for SE Australia 21 - 25 January 2021

As with most heatwaves, the level of heat being forecast is not expected to reach the east coast although some of this heat is expected to spill into Western Sydney during the latter part of the event.

Forecast temperatures for this period include:-

Tibooburra (NW NSW) - Thu 22/1 - 39C, Fri 22/1 - 41C, Sat 23/1 - 42C, Sun 24/1 - 41C, Mon 25/1 - 42C.

Broken Hill (Western NSW) - Thu 22/1 - 36C, Fri 22/1 - 39C, Sat 23/1 - 41C, Sun 24/1 - 41C, Mon 25/1 - 40C.

Griffith (Riverina NSW) - Thu 22/1 - 37C, Fri 22/1 - 39C, Sat 23/1 - 41C, Sun 24/1 - 43C, Mon 25/1 - 43C.

Albury (SW Slopes NSW) - Thu 22/1 - 35C, Fri 22/1 - 38C, Sat 23/1 - 40C, Sun 24/1 - 42C, Mon 25/1 - 43C.

Dubbo (Central West NSW) - Sat 23/1 - 36, Sun 24/1 - 38C, Mon 25/1 - 38C.

Mildura (NW Victoria) - Thu 22/1 - 37C, Fri 22/1 - 39C, Sat 23/1 - 41C, Sun 24/1 - 45C, Mon 25/1 - 40C.

It appears that Melbourne will experience 1 day where the maximum daytime temperature may reach 38C being the Sunday 24/1/2021 however, southern Victoria is expected to escape the worst of it.

Second stronger heatwave for SE Australia 21 - 25 January 2021
Second stronger heatwave for SE Australia 21 - 25 January 2021

This heat should approach Sydney’s west with 41C forecast for Penrith for the 24 and 25 January 2021 but further east it will be cooler with Sydney city expected to escape the worst of it due to expected sea breezes and north east winds prevailing.

The attached plots from the BSCH are showing the potential maximum temperatures for 4 pm for Friday, Saturday and Sunday but interestingly, the burst of heat may be subdued across Central Australia due to cloud and storm activity, especially during Saturday and Sunday.