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Spectacular Moree Sunset Supercell 19th December 2020

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Absolutely stunning supercell developed just prior to sunset as I was on the way back to my hotel! It rotated and split into a right mover and left moving supercell with this being the right mover and illuminated by the setting sun.

It produced hailstones to at lest 2 to 3 cm in diameter as the storm passed over head on dusk! It also produced beautiful lightning!

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12 Expert Tips for Writing a Tornado Research Paper

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12 Expert Tips for Writing a Tornado Research Paper

Nature is definitely something majestic and completely unpredictable. Tornadoes are probably some of the most fascinating nature`s creations. They appear from nowhere, bring huge destruction and vanish. Even though we have the most advanced technologies, we still cannot handle tornadoes. The only thing we can do is to stay away from the place where a tornado is expected.

That’s why if you are writing a research paper about tornadoes, it will definitely get attention. However, the topic is not so easy. That’s why we have prepared some tips on custom research paper writing provided by expert writers from EssayLib.

Tips from Specialists on Tornado Research Paper Writing

To make your paper succeed, pay attention to these tips from specialists. We would divide them into two main categories: specific tips and general tips.

Some specific tips are the ones that advice what information you can include in the paper:

  • For example, you might want to describe how tornadoes appear, where and when they occur.
  • You might mention how strong they can be and how long they might last.
  • If you mention about myths and legends about tornadoes, it might make your paper more attractive for the reader.
  • Tornadoes are connected with a lot of destruction and damage. That’s why it is usually requested to describe the measures that one can take to minimize the effects of a tornado or even to save somebody’s life and health.

You shall not forget that a tornado research paper is the usual research paper. That’s why you should follow all the rules that apply to the writing process of a normal research paper.

  • Select the topic you would like to work on. Make sure it covers a specific field to research. If it is too wide, you will have problems with fitting it into one paper. It might also influence your paper quality negatively.
  • Write a thesis statement. Show the main idea of the paper in 1-2 sentences. Be exact, it shall contain the essence of your paper.
  • Read the sources that your teacher has provided. Even if there is nothing interesting in most of them, your teacher will definitely want to check if you have used them. After that, you might research the sources that interest you. There are a lot of materials about tornadoes in libraries, electronic libraries and just online. Use all the resources that are available to collect information.
  • Write a research outline. Based on the notes that you have made during the research, write an outline for your paper. Think about what you are going to include there. Shall it be a paper about where tornadoes are most frequent? Or something from the history of the most devastating tornadoes? Or maybe you have dared to research the topic more properly and would like to write about why and how the tornadoes evolve and why they are more frequent in some places? Whatever you select, you will find a lot of information for the most engaging paper. And for now, make the outline for your future creation.
  • Write a draft. Just write down your ideas based on each portion of the information you have collected during the research.   
  • Check which quotations you can use in your paper. Make sure they are organically integrated into the paper content. At this stage, you can already make the list of references. If you do it without delays, it will save you some time in the future.
  • Revise the content that you already have. Improve the structure, rearrange the parts to make the paper smooth and logical.
  • Proofread the paper, edit errors and typos, improve the parts that aren’t perfect.

A Research Paper Types You Can Be Assigned to

Usually, students do one of the following research paper types:

  • An argumentative paper
  • Analytical research.

In the first case, you need to discuss your idea based on some facts and evidence. Here, you should choose a controversial topic that allows discussion.

In the second case, you have some sources and based on them, you need to perform a detailed analysis of the question.

That’s why before you start your research on tornado, make sure you understand what exactly research paper type you are going to work on. Some students get confused with the task and cannot do the job properly. So, make sure you understand what kind of paper you are writing. If you have any doubts, ask your teacher.

As you can see, there is nothing complicated in writing a paper about tornadoes if you know how to write a research paper. You need to know how to write a research paper and to have some specific knowledge about tornadoes. All the information is available both online and offline, so, make proper research and write a paper that will amaze your teacher.

Possible tropical cyclone to impact NW Western Australia 23/1/2021

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Possible tropical cyclone to impact NW Western Australia 23/1/2021

A tropical cyclone watch has been issued for parts of the north west Western Australia coast for Thursday evening / Friday morning. A storm appears to be strengthening and may develop into a Category 1 tropical cyclone on Friday morning 22/1/2021.

Possible tropical cyclone to impact NW Western Australia 23/1/2021

At the time of writing, the CIMSS has this storm under "Investigation". A forecast track is not established and the storm is still relatively small and without a distinct eye. The storm has not been named although CIMSS models are showing maximum wind speeds of 30 knots (Approximately 55.5 km/h) as at Thursday evening.

Possible tropical cyclone to impact NW Western Australia 23/1/2021

This storm has the potential to strengthen and if it moves southwards as expected, it would cross the coast south west of Broom.

Sea surface temperatures are at 31C and would support a strong storm however, this storm is moving closer to the coast and hence if it formed into a tropical cyclone, its life span would be short due to its proximity to the coastline.

Possible tropical cyclone to impact NW Western Australia 23/1/2021

The images attached to this post are from CIMSS modelling and includes a sea surface temperatures plot and a cloud image of the region that is under investigation.

Second stronger heatwave for SE Australia 21 – 25 January 2021

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Second stronger heatwave for SE Australia 21 - 25 January 2021

Days after a low intensity heatwave passed through inland south east Australia, a much stronger heatwave is forecast to develop over southern Australia in coming days. This heatwave appears to be much stronger than the first one and forecasts are suggesting that large swathes of the inland regions of New South Wales and Victoria are expected to experience a number of days above 38C.

Second stronger heatwave for SE Australia 21 - 25 January 2021

As with most heatwaves, the level of heat being forecast is not expected to reach the east coast although some of this heat is expected to spill into Western Sydney during the latter part of the event.

Forecast temperatures for this period include:-

Tibooburra (NW NSW) - Thu 22/1 - 39C, Fri 22/1 - 41C, Sat 23/1 - 42C, Sun 24/1 - 41C, Mon 25/1 - 42C.

Broken Hill (Western NSW) - Thu 22/1 - 36C, Fri 22/1 - 39C, Sat 23/1 - 41C, Sun 24/1 - 41C, Mon 25/1 - 40C.

Griffith (Riverina NSW) - Thu 22/1 - 37C, Fri 22/1 - 39C, Sat 23/1 - 41C, Sun 24/1 - 43C, Mon 25/1 - 43C.

Albury (SW Slopes NSW) - Thu 22/1 - 35C, Fri 22/1 - 38C, Sat 23/1 - 40C, Sun 24/1 - 42C, Mon 25/1 - 43C.

Dubbo (Central West NSW) - Sat 23/1 - 36, Sun 24/1 - 38C, Mon 25/1 - 38C.

Mildura (NW Victoria) - Thu 22/1 - 37C, Fri 22/1 - 39C, Sat 23/1 - 41C, Sun 24/1 - 45C, Mon 25/1 - 40C.

It appears that Melbourne will experience 1 day where the maximum daytime temperature may reach 38C being the Sunday 24/1/2021 however, southern Victoria is expected to escape the worst of it.

Second stronger heatwave for SE Australia 21 - 25 January 2021
Second stronger heatwave for SE Australia 21 - 25 January 2021

This heat should approach Sydney’s west with 41C forecast for Penrith for the 24 and 25 January 2021 but further east it will be cooler with Sydney city expected to escape the worst of it due to expected sea breezes and north east winds prevailing.

The attached plots from the BSCH are showing the potential maximum temperatures for 4 pm for Friday, Saturday and Sunday but interestingly, the burst of heat may be subdued across Central Australia due to cloud and storm activity, especially during Saturday and Sunday.

Tropical Storm / Tropical Cyclone Kimi – 17 to 19 January 2021

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Tropical Storm / Tropical Cyclone Kimi - 17 to 19 January 2021

As shown in the CIMSS model dated 18/1/2021, Tropical storm Kimi has developed off the Queensland coast and is presently travelling south / south west and almost parallel to the coast.

Tropical Storm / Tropical Cyclone Kimi - 17 to 19 January 2021
Tropical Storm / Tropical Cyclone Kimi - 17 to 19 January 2021

Media reports have suggested that this storm has strengthened into a Category 1, then a Category 2 tropical cyclone on the Saffir Simpson Scale however the CIMSS model is presently only suggesting a tropical storm with maximum peak wind gust of 60 knots (Approximately 111 km/h).

The CIMSS model is showing the storm being just below the threshold of a Category 1 Tropical cyclone until landfall. The storm is forecast to track more south westerly before crossing the coast near Townville just below the threshold of a tropical cyclone with maximum peak wind gusts of 55 knots (Approximately 102 km/h).

This storm has passed near two weather stations and as such its strength to date has been below the strength of a Category 1 tropical cyclone. The storm has passed near the Arlington Reef Weather Station which reported maximum wind gusts of 85 km/h at 8.09 am on the 18/1/2021 and Flinders Reef Weather Station which reported maximum peak wind gusts of 80 km/h between 11.55 am and 12 noon on the 18/1/2021.

The storm has formed close to the Queensland Coast and appears to be too close to land to be able to organize into a much stronger storm system. Sea surface water temperatures are in the range of 28C / 29C and given location, this storm is expected to remain reasonably weak.

The storm has produced rainfall of 100 mm to 184 mm around Innisfail with Saltwater Creek receiving the highest total for the 24 hour period to 9 am 18/1/2021 but such rainfalls are localized to small areas.

The models attached to this post are from the CIMSS 18/1/2021 showing is forecast track and expected strength at landfall during Tuesday 19/1/2021.

Addendum:- This storm weakened overnight 19/1/2021 into a tropical system and remained off the coast. This storm is generally no longer a threat to the Queensland coast following its downgrade.